Global scarcity of resources and local desire of resource-independence has led to innovative technologies that enable access to previously untapped reserves. These technologies will allow us to retrieve raw materials in space or under the sea, or enable the valorisation of unexploited (but abundant) materials through transformation (e.g. desert sand).

A new mind-set has also been emerging to work towards a “circular economy”, where sustainability and ecological criteria become important in all aspect of the value. These new technologies, processes, and business models, will generate economically viable solutions for optimizing recycling potentials and find new utilizations for formerly “waste materials”.

Key words:

  • Scarcity of resources
  • Valorisation of abundant raw materials
  • Optimization of mining techniques
  • Recycling of waste materials
  • New industrial processes
  • Space mining