Industry 4.0, the so-called “Internet of Things and Services”, has started to revolutionize a wide range of traditional mature industrial production processes, mainly by directly connecting all machines (considered as modular sub-units) of a production line as a collaborative community, through high performance communication networks. Thereby the technical intelligence is more and more shifted from top (control system of the production line) to bottom (machine-to-machine communication).

In a broader sense and not limited anymore to production processes, the Industry 4.0 era calls for new technology and engineering solutions.


  • Industrial Internet of things (IIoT)
  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Vertical and horizontal process integration
  • Big Data
  • Cloud computing
  • Virtual reality