Industry 4.0, the so-called “Internet of Things and Services”, has started to revolutionize a wide range of traditional mature industrial production processes, mainly by directly connecting all machines (considered as modular sub-units) of a production line as a collaborative community, through high performance communication networks. Thereby the technical intelligence is more and more shifted from top (control system of the production line) to bottom (machine-to-machine communication).
In a broader sense and not limited anymore to production processes, the Industry 4.0 era calls for new technology and engineering solutions.
- Industrial Internet of things (IIoT)
- Cyber-physical systems
- Vertical and horizontal process integration
- Big Data
- Cloud computing
- Virtual reality